Soal : Bagaimanakah pokok terpenting iman kepada Allah SWT ? Jawab : Dengan meyakini sesungguhnya Allah SWT. mempunyai sifat sempurna, dan Maha Suci Dia dari berbagai sifat kekurangan.
Soal : Bagaimanakah perincian akan iman kepada Allah SWT ? Jawab : Ialah kita meyakini sesungguhnya Allah SWT . mempunyai sifat : Wujud, Terdahulu, Kekal, Berbeda dengan makhlukNya, Bendiri Sendiri, Esa, Hidup, Mengetahui, Kuasa, Berkehendak, Mendengar, Melihat, dan Berfirman. Dan sesungguhnya Ia yang hidup, Maha Mengetahui, Maha Kuasa, Maha Berkehendak, Maha Mendengar, Maha Melihat, dan yang Maha Berfirman.
Soal : Bagaimanakah cara meyakini keberadaan Allah SWT ? Jawab : Dengan meyakini sesungguhnya Allah SWT. itu ada. Keberadaan Allah itu dengan Zat-Nya sendiri. Tidak ada sesuatupun yang mengantarai-Nya. Dan sesungguhnya adanya Allah itu wajib. Mustahil kalau ditemukan bahwa Allah itu tidak ada.
Soal : Apakah yang dimaksud dengan akidah Islamiyah ? Jawab : Akidah Islamiyah ialah perkara-perkara yang diyakini oleh penganutnya, yakni mereka yang menetapkan kebenarannya
Soal : Apakah yang dimaksud dengan Islam ? Jawab : Islam ialah : pengakuan dengan lisan, dan membenarkan dengan hati bahwa semua yang disampaikan oleh Nabi Muhammad S.A.W adalah hak dan benar.
Soal : Ada berapakah rukun akidah Islamiyah itu ? Jawab : Rukun akidah Islamiyah itu ada enam perkara. Pertama, Iman kepada Allah Ta’ala. Kedua, Iman kepada malaikat-Nya. Ketiga, Iman kepada kitab-kitab-Nya. Keempat, Iman kepada raul-rasul-Nya. Kelima, Iman kepada hari akhir. Keenam, Iman kepada takdir baik dan buruk.
Many Japanese objected to modernization of Japan. Some were opposed to building big factories. Some disliked the monotony of working in dreary establishments as slaves to machinery. Others did not want to take part in wars or to serve in the army or navy. Still others were deeply concerned over the rise of military lesders and the glorification of ideas of force and might. For these and other reasons, many Japanese people decided that they should leave their homeland.
Other Japanese decided to emigrate for economic reasons. The growing population meant that land was becoming more and more scarce. It was increasingly difficult to produce enough food to meet their need. Many Japanese families made their living by farming aplot of ground no larger than 30 feet wide and 100 feet long. Those that came and settled in America considered their small farms of 10 and acres “ranches” compared to their old landholdings in Japan.
Low wages also encouraged many Japanese to emigrate. Japanese workers had not learned the art organizing unions and other group to improve their working condition, hours, and play. The expansion of trade had given Japanese trade delagations and representatives opportunities to travel abroad. Japanese businessman, officials, and seaman thus became aware of the opportunities in foreign land. They saw the better economic conditions that existed out side Japanese and so became interested in emigrating
The mention of Japan reminds most of us of Pearl Harbor, HIroshima, Mount of Fuji, judo, karate, and Tokyo. In fact, few of us probably know much than this about the Japanese people, and their country. We may know even less about the reasons that sent Japanese emigrant to America and the contributions thay have made to our country.
The United State has played a unique role in this history of Japan and its people. It was an American naval officer, Commodore Matthew C. Perry, who introduced the Japanese to the Westrn World just a little over a century ago. Until the time, Japan had been isolated from the rest of the world for hundreds of years. For a long period of time, visitor were not allowed in the country, nor were the Japanese people allowed to leave their homeland.
In 1869, shortly after Commodore Perry convinced the Japanese to open their ports to American traders, Emperor the Meiji became the absolute sovereign of Japan. Almost at once he began to modernize his nation by sending Japan’s most intelligent young men thorgh-out the world to learn the ways of the West. They went to nearly every modern nation on the globe, including the United Stated, Great Britain, Germany, France, and Rusia. From each of these nation the Japanese borrowed those thing which they thought would be most useful to them. The sewage an sanitation system of the city of Philadelphia was adopted for Japanese urban centers; the constitution of Japan was borrowed in general of Prussia. In a few years, the Japanese transformed their nation from a back ward medieval country into a thriving modern industrial state.
Although modernization brought many advances to Japan, it also brought problems. The country of Japan consists of four main island: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. The amount of land in Japan suitable for farming is only 14 percent of the total land area. This is because there are many mountain ranges and stretches along the coasts which are unfit for farming. Once Japan began to modernize, the population of the nation increased rapidly and the problem of finding enough food became more severe than ever before. Therefore, many Japanese began to look overseas for a place to live.
The modernization of Japan meant that many factories were built. These industrial plants needed large supplies of raw materials for manufacturing. They also required fuel to operate their mechinery. As a result, the natural resources of the homeland were severely taxed and it was found that japanese iron and oil reserves were very limited. It became necessary for Japanese Goverment to purchase or acquire land where these important materials were easily available. These effort led to a series of wars and skirmishes with China and Russia around the 1900’s. The victories won by Japan in these struggles served to strengthen the power and prestige of the militery leaders who were gaining more and more influence in making goverment policy.